Join us!

We welcome informal inquiries from potential PhD candidates (with Westlake University) and post-doctoral research scientists (in collaboration with The First People’s Hospital of Kunshan).
If you’re interested in applying for Phd candidacy, please contact Prof Sze Chai Kwok at
You can apply for the post-doctoral research scientists by clicking the botton below!


Episodic memory is the memory of autobiographical events (times, places, associated emotions, and other kinds of contextual knowledge) that can be explicitly stated. To decipher episodic memories, three aspects ought to be tackled: introspection of recollection (meta-memory), coding and abstraction of temporal information in memory, and emphasis on the (re)constructive nature of memories. This laboratory pursues these three lines of research.

Theme 1: Metacognition 

What is the evolutionary significance of metacognition? How do confidence, metacognition, and ultimately (conscious) self-introspection help with various kind of memories? Are they conserved across the primates

Theme 2: How does the brain code and situate past events by their order in relation to time?

 The encoding of time and its binding to events are crucial for episodic memory, and while we know that the posterior parietal cortex mediates new episodic memory formation, how are these processes carried out at the neural level in this parietal hub (the precuneus)?

Theme 3: Malleability of episodic memory 

Memory recall is constructive in nature and the mere act of recalling a memory renders it labile and highly susceptible to modification. Therefore, if we can capture the dynamic, reconstructive nature of memories we can get closer to understanding how we recollect “declarative” memories consciously.